5 things you need to know about mortgage pre-approval
When it comes to purchasing your first home, there are a few stages every would-be borrower will need to pass through before they sign on the dotted line. And one of the most important stages of home ownership is pre-approval.
What is a home loan pre-approval?
Pre-approval (also known as conditional approval or approval in principle) is different to full home loan approval. It refers to when a lender gives you an understanding of how much they can lend to you in a home loan for you to purchase property.
This allows buyers to know an estimate of the available funds they have to work with for their property search and the negotiation process, as well as the maximum bidding limit at an auction. Not every homebuyer will seek mortgage pre-approval, but it may make the process of purchasing property easier, particularly if you’re a first home buyer.
While there aren’t any serious disadvantages of getting pre-approval, it’s worth keeping in mind that pre-approval will appear on your credit file as a loan enquiry. Multiple pre-approval applications may negatively impact your credit score. Try to ensure you’re only seeking loan approval from one lender that you’ve thoroughly researched before applying.
What you need to know about mortgage pre-approval
There are a few key things every home buyer seeing pre-approval needs to know about the process. These factors may not only impact the amount of funds you’re given access to, but may also affect your credit score and your purchasing timeline.
1. Pre-approvals will expire
The first thing every homebuyer needs to know is that pre-approvals are typically valid for between three and six months. Over this time, home loan interest rates and the property market may fluctuate – both potentially in your favour. Establish exactly how long your mortgage pre-approval lasts for before you begin the property hunt, as it will directly impact your timeline.
2. If your situation changes, so may your pre-approval
Pre-approval is not set in stone. If a buyer’s personal or financial situation changes, the lender may need to adjust the application and their pre-approval credit limit. This is for your benefit, as in this time your circumstances may improve and in turn boost your pre-approval limit. On the flip side, it can protect you from changes that may mean you’re unable to service the loan responsibly and risk not affording mortgage repayments. Changes in circumstance may include career changes, reduction in your working hours, taking on new debt (credit card, personal loan etc.), having children, and more.
3. Different types of pre-approval
Not every form of mortgage pre-approval will show up on your credit file. In fact, an alternative type of pre-approval called ‘online pre-approval’, may be able to provide borrowers with an idea of how much they can borrow without having to perform a hard credit enquiry. If eligible, online pre-approval will also give you an indication of how much you may be approved for. The lender will then perform a hard credit enquiry once you have made an offer for a property and/or applied for full approval.
4. Not every property will be approved
Just because you’ve received mortgage pre-approval does not mean the lender has to approve a loan for the property you’ve made an offer on. In fact, lenders typically carry strict eligibility criteria around the types of property that borrowers may apply for. The property will still need to be valuated and meet satisfactory criteria with the lender. Problem properties may include hobby farms, properties in certain suburbs or damaged and faulty properties. It is worth checking your lender’s terms and conditions around property type before making an offer.
5. Pre-approval may fast track your purchase
If you were to begin searching for a property without pre-approval, you may find that the process of actually signing on the dotted line is delayed. Pre-approval can speed up an individual’s ability to settle on a property, as full approval is generally only a few steps away. Without pre-approval, you’ll need to go through the process of applying for a home loan and hoping that you’re eligible for the right amount of funds needed for the property. Whereas with pre-approval, you already know how much you have to spend, and can fast track the full application and settlement process.
I don’t have mortgage pre-approval, where do I start?
Before you seek mortgage pre-approval, it may be worth doing your own research and calculations around how much you can borrow. Reduce Home Loans offers a helpful calculator for just this: the How Much Can I Borrow calculator.
This calculator helps to mirror the process of when a home loan provider offers pre-approval. Simply enter your personal details, including your income and any expenses, and you may get a good estimate of how much you could be approved for borrowing from a lender.